I have taught European Union (EU) Law at the University of Lincoln since 1995 and prior to this was employed as a researcher in EU Law at the University of Hull. From 1995-2002, I undertook research in EU environmental regulation as a member of a team of international academics convening at Nicholas Copernicus University, Torun, Poland conducting research into the approximation of Poland’s laws to EU standards. Research collaboration resulted, also, in my participation in the preparation of a published Report (2008) on Economic Migration in the European Union: The Treatment of Polish and Other A8 Economic Migrants in the Member States of the European Union - author Professor Jo Carby-Hall.
My research examines animal welfare governance in agriculture with a focus on EU farm animal welfare law and, in context, the EU common agricultural policy, together with the EU's international animal welfare objectives in working with the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) . Public and private animal welfare standards exist alongside each other, yet the inter-relationship between these standards and their respective inter-institutional balance is uncertain in law. Indeed, the extent to which there should be public regulation of private animal welfare standard setters and accreditation bodies is core. I explore the implications of standardisation as a voluntary marketing tool and soft-law hybrid governance. Integral to my thesis is the developing interface between public and private animal welfare standards, i.e. transnational animal welfare regulatory regime interaction and the global agricultural food chain, in which the assurance of higher standards of farm animal welfare for food producing animals is a primary aim. I am researching for a PhD (PT) in Hybrid Animal Welfare Governance in Agriculture in the Law School at the University of Leeds - supervisor Professor Michael Cardwell, Professor of Agricultural Law.
I participated in Working Group 16 meetings held at the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE), Paris, in which International Standardization Organization (ISO) Technical Specification 34700 on animal welfare management related to the food supply chain was the subject of negotiation prior to its adoption by ISO Technical Committee 34 Food Products on 1 December 2016 (the OIE having Observer Status). [General requirements and guidance for organizations in the food supply chain, 01-12-2016 [ISO/TS 34700:2016(E)] ]
My research on the extent to which animal welfare has been integrated into the EU Common Agricultural Policy led to an invitation from the European Court of Auditors in Luxembourg to join a panel of experts meeting to discuss EU Farm Animal Welfare Policy in 2018.
LL.M. Masters International Law and International Business Law:
Coordinator - The EU as a Global Actor: EU External Relations Law
Teaching - EU Internal Market Law
LL.B. (Hons.) Undergraduate:
Coordinator - Level 3 Law Dissertation
Coordinator - Level 2 EU Law
Teaching -Level 2 Environmental Law
Teaching - Level 2 Land Law
Ethics Pool Member
Member of Lincoln Centre for Environmental Law and Justice